DISEASES OF CHEST AND LUNGS-CLASSIFICATION
A.DISEASES OF LUNGS
B. DISEASES OF CHEST WALL
C. DISEASES OF MEDIASTNUM
D.DISEASES OF DIAPHRAGM
WHAT IS OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES?
Obstructive lung disease is characterised by the spasm of smooth musles lining the minor respiratory tract by internal or external allergens or toxins. This may inflame the lining membrane chronically leading to chronic bronchitis or entrapment of air leading to emphyema. This is otherwise called, copd or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. There is difficulty for air for entering or exiting the lung, that is why it is called obstructive lung disease.
WHAT IS RESTRICTIVE LUNG DISEASE ?
In this spectrum of diseases ,lung has difficulty in expanding and that is why this name.
WHAT CAUSES OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES?
It is the allergens or the toxins from either outside or inside the body.
WHAT CAUSES RESTRICTIVE LUNG DISEASES ?
WHAT ARE THE SYMTOMS OF OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES ?
WHAT ARE THE SYMTOMS OF RESTRICTIVE LUNG DISEASES?
WHAT ARE THE COMMON INFECTIONS OF LUNGS ?
WHAT IS BRONCHIECTASIS?
Bronchiectasis means,dilatation of bronchi due to chronic inflamation,tuberculosis or from birth. This dilated bronchi become chronic source of stagnation and infection.
Lung abcess is a situation where pus collects in the parenchyma of lung secondary to conditions like,suppurative pneumonia, foreign body, aspiration pneumonia,cavity formation as a sequele to tuberculous destruction.