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Cath Lab

The cath lab, also well-known as a catheter laboratory or else cardiac catheterization laboratory, is part of a hospital's cardiac section. A cath lab is where checks and processes containing ablation, angiogram and angioplasty besides implantation of pacemakers / ICDs are conceded out. Typically you'll be conscious for these actions. A cath lab is operated by a team of different consultants, generally controlled by a cardiologist. A cath lab shouldn't be mixed up with an operating theatre, where you would have operation such as a heart bypass operation, underneath an all-purpose anesthetic.

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Heart-lung machine

The heart-lung machine is medical apparatus that offers cardiopulmonary bypass, or else mechanical circulatory provision of the heart as well as lungs. The machine may contain of venous plus arterial cannula (tubes), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) otherwise silicone tubing, reservoir (to grip blood), bubbler or else tissue oxygenator, cardiotomy (riddled reservoir), heat exchanger(s), arterial line mesh, pump(s), flow meter, aligned blood gas as well as electrolyte analyzer, and pressure-monitoring campaigns.

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An intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a mechanical expedient that assistances the heart pump blood. This device is introduced into the aorta, the body's main artery. It is a long, thin tube named a catheter with a balloon on the termination of it. If you are hospitalized, your doctor might pull-out an IABP. Your doctor will dazed an area of your leg also thread the IABP over the femoral artery in your foreleg into your aorta. He or she then places the IABP at the midpoint of your aorta, beneath your heart. The doctor will usage an X-ray machine throughout this process to aid precisely location the IABP.The doctor will usage an X-ray machine throughout this process to aid precisely location the IABP.



ECMO opinions for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. It is a technique of provided that oxygen for the body when somebody’s lungs and/otherwise heart are not capable to source oxygen on their own. With ECMO, blood leaves over a catheter that take a pew in a large vein and attaches to an oxygenator machine. The blood then revenues to the body over and done with an artery or else vein using a altered catheter.

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Artificial Heart Valve

It is a device fixed in the heart of a patient with valvular heart disease. When one of the four heart valves faults, the medical optimal may be to substitute the natural valve with an artificial valve. This needs open-heart surgery.

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Prosthetic Vascular Conduits

Veins otherwise arteries are organs in which distinguished structures contained of one or more tissues functioning together to deliver a specific function. They reply to variety of complex signals, containing hormones other molecules and nerve impulses to regulate blood flow. The Precise working is reliant on upon proper integrated working of vessel’s constituent tissues. Main stream of vascular grafts are relocated autologous vein or artery derived grafts. Vascular grafts also varied organ transplants are subject to many of the same graft letdown mechanism. Such as, oxidative harm and storage grazes also Ischemia Reperfusion injury.

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Valve Rings

Throughout a heart valve repair operation, your heart valve may must to be resized (an annuloplasty process). It's also conceivable that your heart valve fliers may essential to be repaired since of calcium deposits or else additional tissue on the leaflets that desires to be detached (a valvuloplasty

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Through disease or age, the tissue that cares the heart valve's opening (the annulus) can deteriorate and miss its shape. To overhaul this condition, a device named an annuloplasty ring or band is stitched around the base of the heart valve to redesign it then give it support.

An annuloplasty band or else ring is made of hard-wearing plastic, metal, otherwise fabric and may be supple or else rigid. These rings plus bands are aimed to hold the natural shape, wave, and suppleness of the annulus.

An annuloplasty ring otherwise band may also have a sign that creates it probable to understand it on an x-ray.

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Artificial Heart

An artificial heart is a prosthetic device that is entrenched into the body to substitute the unique biological heart.

It is different from a cardiac pump, which is an exterior device used to afford the meanings of both the heart also the lungs.

Consequently, the cardiac pump need not be linked to both blood circuits.

Likewise, a cardiac pump is only suitable for usage not longer than a few hours, though for the artificial heart the current best ever is 17 months.

The clear benefit of a useful artificial heart would be to lesser the need for heart transplants, since the demand for donor hearts significantly surpasses supply.

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Left Ventricular Assist Device

The left ventricular assist device, LVAD or else VAD, is a type of mechanical heart pump. It's located inside a person's chest, where it assistances the heart pump oxygen-rich blood throughout the body.

Contrasting an artificial heart, the LVAD doesn't substitute the heart. It just aids it do its work. This can mean the alteration among life too death for a person whose heart wants a rest after open-heart surgery or else is too weak to efficiently pump on its individual or who is behind you for a heart transplant.

A permanent LVAD is presently being used in some fatally ill patients whose situation makes them unentitled for heart transplantation. This is also termed destination therapy.

In readings, therapy with the permanent LVAD device creased the one-year survival rate of patients with end-stage heart discontent as associated with drug treatment alone. Though, there were certain risks, containing infection, stroke, plus bleeding.

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Operating robot

Robotic cardiac surgery is heart surgery completed through very small wounds in the chest. With the expenditure of minute instruments and robot-controlled implements, surgeons are capable to do heart surgery in a method that is far less invasive than open-heart surgery. The process is occasionally termed da Vinci surgery since that is the name of the creator of the robot frequently used for this technique.

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Robotic surgeries have been used for a amount of dissimilar heart-related dealings, together with valve surgery and coronary artery bypass also cardiac tissue ablation, heart fault repair, and tumor elimination.


In thoracoscopy, a thin, supple viewing tube (named a thoracoscope) is introduced through a small slit in the chest. Fiberoptic cables license the physician to visually review the lungs, mediastinum (the area amongst the lungs), plus pleura (the membrane cover the lungs besides lining the chest hollow). In adding, surgical tools may be introduced through other small openings in the chest, to do both diagnostic in addition to therapeutic processes.

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Dr.Kuldeep Kumar Chulliparambil
Renai Medicity,
Palarivattom P.O.
Pin: 682025
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