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It is a condition that involves an abnormal heartbeat. Normally, the upper and lower chambers of your heart beat to pump blood. The electrical signals coordinating the two chambers of your heart work differently, not altogether. This results your heart beats irregularly.

Atrial fibrillation can occur on a same time. If you develop chronic A-fib, you will require treatment.

These are Symptoms:

  • chest pain
  • heart palpitations
  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • dizziness
  • confusion
  • shortness of breath

In A-fib, your doctor will likely advise you to stop smoking and follow a healthy diet. also prescription of medications is provided. In severe cases surgery is recommended.

The different types of surgery used to treat A-fib

Ablation surgeries:

it depends on the area of your heart where the electrical misfiring begins

These are performed in hospitals in two hours. The surgeon will insert a catheter through a vein in patient’s neck. Then the catheter is threaded through your vein to the upper and lower chambers of heart. The catheter having an electrode at its tip, will emit radio waves and create heat. This heat is used to destroy and scar an area of heart tissue.

Ablation include types like sonar, microwave, and cryoablation.

Atrioventricular node ablation:

In this you will to have a permanent pacemaker in your heart to maintain a normal heart rhythm after surgery.

Risks of ablation are:

  • mild pain

  • bleeding

  • bruising

  • vein problems

Maze procedure:

If you have a condition that requires open-heart surgery Maze procedure is used to treat A-fib at the same time.

A number of incisions in your heart is made and sewed them together.

as it creates mazelike pattern for your heart’s electrical signals to follow surgery is called the Maze procedure

Risks of the Maze procedure are as given below:


kidney failure

other organ failure


A pacemaker is required after undergoing the Maze procedure. While it poses risks of serious complications, the Maze procedure also has a high success rate. An experienced surgeon should be chosen to perform procedure.

Foods to Avoid with Atrial Fibrillation


More Obesity and high blood pressure can increase the risk of AFib follow a low-fat diet. Doctor recommend that patients with AFib reduce fat intake.

Some unhealthy fats include:

saturated fat i.e. found in butter, cheese, and other solid fats

trans fats i.e. found in margarine

cholesterol i.e. found in fatty meats and dairy


Salt intake is a big factor in affecting hypertension or high blood pressure. Cardiologist suggest reducing sodium in your diet to maintain heart health.

Be sure to read labels of frozen food and try to eat fresh foods.


It is an important nutrient for cardiac it allows muscles to work efficiently. Low levels may increase the risks of arrhythmia.

Good food sources of potassium include:

fruits like bananas, apricots, and oranges

root vegetables like sweet potatoes and beets





Vitamin K

Vitamin K can interact with warfarin and reduce its is present in cauliflower, parsley, green tea, and calf’s liver


Naringenin chemical from it can interfere with the effectiveness. it can also affect how other medications are absorbed into the blood from the intestines.

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Dr.Kuldeep Kumar Chulliparambil
Renai Medicity,
Palarivattom P.O.
Pin: 682025
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